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All You Need To Know About The 5 Common Stomach Ailments

Contributed by: Priyaish Srivastava

Did you know?

Around 70% of the immune system resides in the stomach
The gut is also known as the second brain of the body
At rest, the capacity of the stomach is around 70 grams which can expand to approximately 946 grams to hold food
The stomach helps absorb vitamin B12 from the foods eaten
Foods loaded with sugar digest quickly and increase hunger
Foods full of healthy fats and proteins digest slowly and minimizes hunger
Whether a person is fat or thin, the stomach size remains the same


The stomach is one of the most crucial parts of the body. Its main function is to digest food and send it to the small intestine.

The small intestine then absorbs all the nutrients in the food. These nutrients travel throughout the body for storage or usage with the assistance of the circulatory system.

Most people ignore stomach aches, thinking it’s normal and will go away in a while. However, experts suggest that any discomfort in the stomach should not be left untreated as it can lead to the onset of serious ailments.

To help you keep your stomach at the top of its health, this article brings you the five most common causes of stomach pain, their symptoms, and some preventive measures to manage the condition.


Gastritis is a condition that arises when digestive juices in the stomach pass through the protective lining of the stomach (mucus) and causes inflammation

Causes of gastritis

Excessive alcohol consumption
Chronic vomiting
Acid reflux
Stomach infections

Symptoms of gastritis

Nausea & upset stomach
Abdominal pain
Loss of appetite
Burning sensation in the stomach, between meals or at night

Peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers are open sores that grow on the lining (mucus) of the oesophagus or upper part of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers are of two types:

Gastric ulcers: Occurs inside the stomach
Duodenal ulcers: Occurs in the upper portion of the small intestine

Causes of peptic ulcers

Bacterial infection
Prolonged use of aspirin & other painkillers
Alcohol consumption
Preexisting liver, kidney, or lung complications
A family history of ulcers

Symptoms of peptic ulcers

Gnawing in the middle of the upper stomach, usually between meals or at night
Nausea or vomiting
Weight loss
Dark stool

Stomach flu

A stomach virus is a viral infection in the intestines. Also known as stomach flu and gastroenteritis, the infection is contagious and spreads through contact with an infected person, contaminated food, or water. 

Causes of stomach flu

Contact with an infected person
Contaminated water and food
Poor hand hygiene

Symptoms of stomach flu

Watery diarrhoea
Cramps & pain
Vomiting, nausea, or both
Occasional muscle pain & headaches
Low-grade fever

Note: The symptoms of stomach flu usually go away on their own. However, repeated episodes of throwing up, dehydration, high fever and visible blood in vomit or stool necessitates medical intervention.

Food poisoning

Food poisoning is common, and it can happen to anyone. The condition takes place when a person consumes food or water contaminated with harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins.

Symptoms of food poisoning:

Abdominal pain
Loss of appetite
Mild fever

Note: The symptoms of food poising usually disappear on their own. But medical intervention is necessary if symptoms persist for more than three days.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

IBS is a gastrointestinal disorder that occurs in the large intestine, giving rise to a group of symptoms.

Causes and risk factors of IBS:

Women are more likely to suffer IBS than men
Aged 40 or above
A family history of IBS
Stress, mental disorder, or any emotional trouble
Food poisoning or stomach flu

Symptoms of IBS

Repeated episodes of diarrhoea
Excessive gas or bloating
Belly pain, usually in the lower part
Mucus in poop
Food intolerance
Tiredness, anxiety & depression
Heartburn & indigestion

Preventive measures for stomach ailments

Eat nutritious & stomach-friendly foods
Exercise regularly
Avoid excessive consumption of over the counter medicines
Minimize the intake of fatty foods & fizzy drinks
Quit smoking
Avoid chewing gum
Eat & drink slowly
Seek medical intervention in case of persistent symptoms

Final thoughts

Stomach ailments are common and can cause extreme discomfort. The above-mentioned are the five most common causes of stomach ailments, and some preventive measures that can help control the symptoms.

Moreover, you should also frequently opt for stomach screening. It provides you with vital insights into your stomach, allowing you to take necessary measures to improve it.

Book The Stomach Test Package Today!

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